# Petrina D. Ya.

### Spectrum and states of the BCS Hamiltonian with sources

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2008. - 60, № 9. - pp. 1243–1269

We consider the BCS Hamiltonian with sources, as proposed by Bogolyubov and Bogolyubov, Jr. We prove that the eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the BCS Hamiltonian with sources can be exactly determined in the thermodynamic limit. Earlier, Bogolyubov proved that the energies per volume of the BCS Hamiltonian with sources and the approximating Hamiltonian coincide in the thermodynamic limit.

### Solutions of the BBGKY hierarchy for a system of hard spheres with inelastic collisions

Caraffini G. L., Petrina D. Ya.

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2006. - 58, № 3. - pp. 371–380

The problem of the existence of solutions of the hierarchy for the sequence of correlation functions is investigated in the direct sum of spaces of summable functions. We prove the existence and uniqueness of solutions, which are represented through a semigroup of bounded strongly continuous operators. The infinitesimal generator of the semigroup coincides on a certain everywhere dense set with the operator on the right-hand side of the hierarchy. For initial data from this set, solutions are strong; for general initial data, they are generalized ones.

### New second branch of the spectrum of the BCS Hamiltonian and a “pseudogap”

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2005. - 57, № 11. - pp. 1508–1533

The BCS Hamiltonian of superconductivity has the second branch of eigenvalues and eigenvectors. It consists of wave functions of pairs of electrons in ground and excited states. The continuous spectrum of excited pairs is separated by a nonzero gap from the point of the discrete spectrum that corresponds to the pair in the ground state. The corresponding grand partition function and free energy are exactly calculated. This implies that, for low temperatures, the system is in the condensate of pairs in the ground state. The sequence of correlation functions is exactly calculated in the thermodynamic limit, and it coincides with the corresponding sequence of the system with approximating Hamiltonian. The gap in the spectrum of excitations depends continuously on temperature and is different from zero above the critical temperature corresponding to the first branch of the spectrum. In our opinion, this fact explains the phenomenon of “pseudogap.”

### Analog of the Liouville Equation and BBGKY Hierarchy for a System of Hard Spheres with Inelastic Collisions

Caraffini G. L., Petrina D. Ya.

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2005. - 57, № 6. - pp. 818–839

Dynamics of a system of hard spheres with inelastic collisions is investigated. This system is a model for granular flow. The map induced by a shift along the trajectory does not preserve the volume of the phase space, and the corresponding Jacobian is different from one. A special distribution function is defined as the product of the usual distribution function and the squared Jacobian. For this distribution function, the Liouville equation with boundary condition is derived. A sequence of correlation functions is defined for canonical and grand canonical ensemble. The generalized BBGKY hierarchy and boundary condition are deduced for correlation functions.

### Stochastic Dynamics and Hierarchy for the Boltzmann Equation with Arbitrary Differential Scattering Cross Section

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2004. - 56, № 12. - pp. 1629-1653

The stochastic dynamics for point particles that corresponds to the Boltzmann equation with arbitrary differential scattering cross section is constructed. We derive the stochastic Boltzmann hierarchy the solutions of which outside the hyperplanes of lower dimension where the point particles interact are equal to the product of one-particle correlation functions, provided that the initial correlation functions are products of one-particle correlation functions. A one-particle correlation function satisfies the Boltzmann equation. The Kac dynamics in the momentum space is obtained.

### BCS Model Hamiltonian of the Theory of Superconductivity as a Quadratic Form

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2004. - 56, № 3. - pp. 309-338

Bogolyubov proved that the average energies (per unit volume) of the ground states for the BCS Hamiltonian and the approximating Hamiltonian asymptotically coincide in the thermodynamic limit. In the present paper, we show that this result is also true for all excited states. We also establish that, in the thermodynamic limit, the BCS Hamiltonian and the approximating Hamiltonian asymptotically coincide as quadratic forms.

### Equilibrium and Nonequilibrium States of the Model Fröhlich–Peierls Hamiltonian

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2003. - 55, № 8. - pp. 1069-1086

The model Fröhlich–Peierls Hamiltonian for electrons interacting with phonons only in some infinite discrete modes is considered. It is shown that, in the equilibrium case, this model is thermodynamically equivalent to the model of electrons with periodic potential and free phonons. In the one-dimensional case, the potential is determined exactly in terms of the Weierstrass elliptic function, and the eigenvalue problem can also be solved exactly. Nonequilibrium states are described by the nonlinear Schrödinger and wave equations, which have exact soliton solutions in the one-dimensional case.

### States of Infinite Equilibrium Classical Systems

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2003. - 55, № 3. - pp. 389-399

We construct a measure that corresponds to the correlation functions of equilibrium states of infinite systems of classical statistical mechanics. The correlation functions satisfy the Bogolyubov compatibility conditions. We also construct measures that correspond to the correlation functions of nonequilibrium states of infinite systems for the Boltzmann hierarchy and the Bogolyubov–Strel'tsova diffusion hierarchy.

### Model BCS Hamiltonian and Approximating Hamiltonian in the Case of Infinite Volume. IV. Two Branches of Their Common Spectra and States

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2003. - 55, № 2. - pp. 174-196

We consider the model and approximating Hamiltonians directly in the case of infinite volume. We show that each of these Hamiltonians has two branches of the spectrum and two systems of eigenvectors, which represent excitations of the ground states of the model and approximating Hamiltonians as well as the ground states themselves. On both systems of eigenvectors, the model and approximating Hamiltonians coincide with one another. In both branches of the spectrum, there is a gap between the eigenvalues of the ground and excited states.

### Spectrum and States of the BCS Hamiltonian in a Finite Domain. III. BCS Hamiltonian with Mean-Field Interaction

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2002. - 54, № 11. - pp. 1486-1505

We investigate the spectrum of a model Hamiltonian with BCS and mean-field interaction in a finite domain under periodic boundary conditions. The model Hamiltonian is considered on the states of pairs and waves of density charges and their excitations. It is represented as the sum of three operators that describe noninteracting pairs, the interaction between pairs, and the interaction between pairs and waves of density charges. The last two operators tend to zero in the thermodynamic limit, and the spectrum of the model Hamiltonian coincides with the spectrum of noninteracting pairs with chemical potential shifted by mean-field interaction. It is shown that the model and approximating Hamiltonians coincide in the thermodynamic limit on their ground and excited states and both have two branches of eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

### Spatially-Homogeneous Boltzmann Hierarchy as Averaged Spatially-Inhomogeneous Stochastic Boltzmann Hierarchy

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2002. - 54, № 1. - pp. 78-93

We introduce the stochastic dynamics in the phase space that corresponds to the Boltzmann equation and hierarchy and is the Boltzmann–Grad limit of the Hamiltonian dynamics of systems of hard spheres. By the method of averaging over the space of positions, we derive from it the stochastic dynamics in the momentum space that corresponds to the space-homogeneous Boltzmann equation and hierarchy. Analogous dynamics in the mean-field approximation was postulated by Kac for the explanation of the phenomenon of propagation of chaos and derivation of the Boltzmann equation.

### Spectrum and States of the BCS Hamiltonian in a Finite Domain. II. Spectra of Excitations

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2001. - 53, № 8. - pp. 1080-1100

We establish that the averages per volume of the BCS and approximating Hamiltonians over all excited states coincide in the thermodynamic limit. Earlier, this was established only for the ground state.

### Spectrum and states of the bcs hamiltonian in a finite domain. I. Spectrum

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2000. - 52, № 5. - pp. 667-689

The BCS Hamiltonian in a finite cube with periodic boundary condition is considered. The special subspace of pairs of particles with opposite momenta and spin is introduced. It is proved that, in this subspace, the spectrum of the BCS Hamiltonian is defined exactly for one pair, and for n pairs the spectrum is defined through the eigenvalues of one pair and a term that tends to zero as the volume of the cube tends to infinity. On the subspace of pairs, the BCS Hamiltonian can be represented as a sum of two operators. One of them describes the spectra of noninteracting pairs and the other one describes the interaction between pairs that tends to zero as the volume of the cube tends to infinity. It is proved that, on the subspace of pairs, as the volume of the cube tends to infinity, the BCS Hamiltonian tends to the approximating Hamiltonian, which is a quadratic form with respect to the operators of creation and annihilation.

### Methods for derivation of the stochastic Boltzmann hierarchy

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2000. - 52, № 4. - pp. 474-491

We consider different methods for the derivation of the stochastic Boltzmann hierarchy corresponding to the stochastic dynamics that is the Boltzmann-Grad limit of the Hamiltonian dynamics of hard spheres. Solutions of the stochastic Boltzmann hierarchy are the Boltzmann-Grad limit of solutions of the BBGKY hierarchy of hard spheres in the entire phase space. A new concept of reduced distribution functions corresponding to the stochastic dynamics are introduced. They take into account the contribution of the hyperplanes of lower dimension where stochastic point particles interact with one another. The solutions of the Boltzmann equation coincide with one-particle distribution functions of the stochastic Boltzmann hierarchy and are represented by integrals over the hyperplanes where the stochastic point particles interact with one another.

### Stochastic dynamics as a limit of Hamiltonian dynamics of hard spheres

Lampis M., Petrina D. Ya., Petrina К. D.

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 1999. - 51, № 5. - pp. 614-635

We consider the stochastic dynamics that is the Boltzmann-Grad limit of the Hamiltonian dynamics of a system of hard spheres. A new concept of averages over states of stochastic systems is introduced, in which the contribution of the hypersurfaces on which stochastic point particles interact is taken into account. We give a rigorous derivation of the infinitesimal operators of the semigroups of evolution operators.

### Stochastic dynamics and Boltzmann hierarchy. III

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 1998. - 50, № 4. - pp. 552–569

Stochastic dynamics corresponding to the Boltzmann hierarchy is constructed. The Liouville-Itô equations are obtained, from which we derive the Boltzmann hierarchy regarded as an abstract evolution equation. We construct the semigroup of evolution operators and prove the existence of solutions of the Boltzmann hierarchy in the space of sequences of integrable and bounded functions. On the basis of these results, we prove the existence of global solutions of the Boltzmann equation and the existence of the Boltzmann-Grad limit for an arbitrary time interval.

### Stochastic dynamics and Boltzmann hierarchy. II

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 1998. - 50, № 3. - pp. 372–387

Stochastic dynamics corresponding to the Boltzmann hierarchy is constructed. The Liouville-Itô equations are obtained, from which we derive the Boltzmann hierarchy regarded as an abstract evolution equation. We construct the semigroup of evolution operators and prove the existence of solutions of the Boltzmann hierarchy in the space of sequences of integrable and bounded functions. On the basis of these results, we prove the existence of global solutions of the Boltzmann equation and the existence of the Boltzmann-Grad limit for an arbitrary time interval.

### Stochastic dynamics and Boltzmann hierarchy. I

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 1998. - 50, № 2. - pp. 195–210

Stochastic dynamics corresponding to the Boltzmann hierarchy is constructed. The Liouville-Itô equations are obtained, from which we derive the Boltzmann hierarchy regarded as an abstract evolution equation. We construct the semigroup of evolution operators and prove the existence of solutions of the Boltzmann hierarchy in the space of sequences of integrable and bounded functions. On the basis of these results, we prove the existence of global solutions of the Boltzmann equation and the existence of the Boltzmann-Grad limit for an arbitrary time interval.

### Boltzmann-Enskog limit for equilibrium states of systems of hard spheres in the framework of a canonical ensemble

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 1997. - 49, № 9. - pp. 1195–1205

We prove the existence of the Boltzmann-Enskog limit for an equilibrium system of hard spheres. On the basis of analysis of the Kirkwood-Salsburg equations, we show that the limit distribution functions are constants that can be represented as series in density.

### Existence of equilibrium states of systems of hard spheres in the Boltzmann-Enskog limit within the frame work of the grand canonical ensemble

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 1997. - 49, № 1. - pp. 112–121

We study equilibrium states of systems of hard spheres in the Boltzmann-Enskog limit (*d*→0, 1/*v*→∞ (*z*→∞), and *d* ^{3} (1/*v*)=const (*d* ^{3} *z*=const)). For this purpose, we use the Kirkwood-Salsburg equations. We prove that, in the Boltzmann-Enskog limit, solutions of these equations exist and the limit distribution functions are constant. By using the cluster and compatibility conditions, we prove that all distribution functions are equal to the product of one-particle distribution functions, which can be represented as power series in *z*=*d* ^{3} *z* with certain coefficients.

### Parasyuk Ostap Stepanovich (his 70th birthday)

Bogoliubov N. N., Fushchich V. I., Mitropolskiy Yu. A., Petrina D. Ya., Samoilenko A. M.

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 1991. - 43, № 11. - pp. 1443-1444

### N. N. Bogolyubov's research in mathematics and theoretical physics

Mitropolskiy Yu. A., Parasyuk O. S., Petrina D. Ya., Samoilenko A. M., VIadimirov V. S.

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 1989. - 41, № 9. - pp. 1156–1164

### Completeness of perturbation theory amplitudes in amplitude space

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 1967. - 19, № 3. - pp. 62–78

### Analytical properties of a class of functions of quantum field theory, defined by manifold integrals. II

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 1965. - 17, № 6. - pp. 60-66

### Analytical properties of a class of functions of the quantum field theory, determined by manifested integrals. 1

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 1965. - 17, № 5. - pp. 54-66

### On the principle of maximum analyticity over a complex orbital moment

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 1964. - 16, № 4. - pp. 502-512

### Complex singular points of contributions of Feinman's diagrams and continuity theorem

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 1964. - 16, № 1. - pp. 31-40

A method is proposed, based on the application of the theorem of continuity and permitting the determination of which points of Landau's surface are singular points of contributions of Feinman's diagrams on a «physical sheet».

### On the impossibility of constructing a non-local theory of field with a positive spectrum of tile energy-impulse operator

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 1961. - 13, № 4. - pp. 109-111

### Solution of the Inverse Diffraction Problem

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 1960. - 12, № 4. - pp. 476 - 479

### On a Supplement to the Theorem of Bogoliubov-Vladimirov

Kolomitsev V. I., Petrina D. Ya.

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 1960. - 12, № 2. - pp. 165 - 169

A spectral representation is found for one class of functions . The results obtained supplement the known theorem of Bogoliubov-Vladimirov on the analytic continuation of generalized functions.