# Pratsiovytyi M. V.

### Frequency of a Digit in the Representation of a Number and the Asymptotic Mean Value of the Digits

Klymchuk S. O., Makarchuk O. P., Pratsiovytyi M. V.

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2014. - 66, № 3. - pp. 302–310

We study the relationship between the frequency of a ternary digit in a number and the asymptotic mean value of the digits. The conditions for the existence of the asymptotic mean of digits in a ternary number are established. We indicate an infinite everywhere dense set of numbers without frequency of digits but with the asymptotic mean of the digits.

### Distribution of Random Variable Represented by a Binary Fraction with Three Identically Distributed Redundant Digits

Makarchuk O. P., Pratsiovytyi M. V.

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2014. - 66, № 1. - pp. 79–88

We present the complete solution of the problem of pure Lebesgue type of the distribution of random variable *χ* represented by a binary fraction with three identically distributed redundant digits.

### Self-Affine Singular and Nowhere Monotone Functions Related to the *Q*-Representation of Real Numbers

Kalashnikov A. V., Pratsiovytyi M. V.

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2013. - 65, № 3. - pp. 405-417

We study functional, differential, integral, self-affine, and fractal properties of continuous functions belonging to a finite-parameter family of functions with a continuum set of "peculiarities". Almost all functions of this family are singular (their derivative is equal to zero almost everywhere in the sense of Lebesgue) or nowhere monotone, in particular, nondifferentiable. We consider different approaches to the definition of these functions (using a system of functional equations, projectors of symbols of different representations, distribution of random variables, etc.).

### Mykola Ivanovych Shkil' (on his 80th birthday)

Korolyuk V. S., Lukovsky I. O., Perestyuk N. A., Pratsiovytyi M. V., Samoilenko A. M., Yakovets V. P.

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2012. - 64, № 12. - pp. 1720-1722

### $A_2$-continued fraction representation of real numbers and its geometry

Dmytrenko S. O., Kyurchev D. V., Pratsiovytyi M. V.

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2009. - 61, № 4. - pp. 452-463

We study the geometry of representations of numbers by continued fractions whose elements belong to the set $A_2 = {α_1, α_2}$ ($A_2$-continued fraction representation). It is shown that, for $α_1 α_2 ≤ 1/2$, every point of a certain segment admits an $A_2$-continued fraction representation. Moreover, for $α_1 α_2 = 1/2$, this representation is unique with the exception of a countable set of points. For the last case, we find the basic metric relation and describe the metric properties of a set of numbers whose $A_2$-continued fraction representation does not contain a given combination of two elements. The properties of a random variable for which the elements of its $A_2$-continued fraction representation form a homogeneous Markov chain are also investigated.

### Topological and metric properties of sets of real numbers with conditions on their expansions in Ostrogradskii series

Baranovskyi O. M., Pratsiovytyi M. V., Torbin H. M.

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2007. - 59, № 9. - pp. 1155–1168

We study topological and metric properties of the set $$C\left[\overline{O}^1, \{V_n\}\right] = \left\{x:\; x= ∑_n \frac{(−1)^{n−1}}{g_1(g_1 + g_2)…(g_1 + g_2 + … + g_n)},\quad g_k ∈ V_k ⊂ \mathbb{N}\right\}$$ with certain conditions on the sequence of sets $\{V_n\}$. In particular, we establish conditions under which the Lebesgue measure of this set is (a) zero and (b) positive. We compare the results obtained with the corresponding results for continued fractions and discuss their possible applications to probability theory.

### Singular Probability Distributions and Fractal Properties of Sets of Real Numbers Defined by the Asymptotic Frequencies of Their s-Adic Digits

Pratsiovytyi M. V., Torbin H. M.

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2005. - 57, № 9. - pp. 1163–1170

Dedicated to V. S. Korolyuk on occasion of his 80-th birthday

Properties of the set $T_s$ of "particularly nonnormal numbers" of the unit interval are studied in details ($T_s$ consists of real numbers $x$, some of whose $s$-adic digits have the asymptotic frequencies in the nonterminating $s$-adic expansion of $x$, and some do not).
It is proven that the set $T_s$ is residual in the topological sense (i.e., it is of the first Baire category)
and it is generic in the sense of fractal geometry ( $T_s$ is a superfractal set, i.e., its Hausdorff - Besicovitch dimension is equal to 1).
A topological and fractal classification of sets of real numbers via analysis of asymptotic frequencies of digits in their $s$-adic expansions is presented.

### Singular and fractal properties of distributions of random variables digits of polybasic representations of which a form homogeneous Markov chain

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 2000. - 52, № 3. - pp. 368-374

We study the fractal properties of distributions of random variables digits of polybasic *Q*-representations (*a* generalization of *n*-adic digits) of which form a homogeneous Markov chain in the case where the matrix of transition probabilities contains at least one zero.

### One class of singular complex-valued random variables of the Jessen-Wintner type

O. V. Shkol’nyi, Pratsiovytyi M. V.

Ukr. Mat. Zh. - 1997. - 49, № 12. - pp. 1653–1660

We study the structure of the distribution of a complex-valued random variable ξ = Σ*a* _{ k } ξ_{ k }, where ξ_{ k } are independent complex-valued random variables with discrete distribution and *a* _{k} are terms of an absolutely convergent series. We establish a criterion of discreteness and sufficient conditions for singularity of the distribution of ξ and investigate the fractal properties of the spectrum.