# Two-point boundary-value problems for differential equations with generalized piecewise-constant argument

• Anar T. Assanova Institute of Mathematics and Mathematical Modeling, Almaty, and International Information Technology University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
• Roza E. Uteshova Institute of Mathematics and Mathematical Modeling, Almaty, and International Information Technology University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Keywords: Differential equations with generalized piecewise-constant argumen, two-point boundary-value problem, parametrization method, new general solution, solvability criteria.

### Abstract

UDC 517.9

We consider  a two-point boundary-value problem for a system of differential equations with generalized piecewise-constant argument. To solve the problem, we propose to use a constructive method based on the Dzhumabaev parametrization method and a new approach to the concept of general solution. The interval is partitioned with regard for  the singularities of the argument. The values of the solution at the interior points of the partition are regarded as additional parameters, and the differential equation is transformed into a system of Cauchy problems with parameters on subintervals of the partition. By using the solutions of these problems, we obtain a new general solution of the differential equation with piecewise-constant argument and establish its properties. The new general solution, boundary conditions, and the conditions of continuity of the solution at the interior points of the partition are used to construct a linear system of algebraic equations for the introduced parameters. The coefficients and the right-hand side of the system are found as a result of the solution of Cauchy problems for linear ordinary differential equations on the  subintervals of the partition. It is shown that the solvability of the boundary-value problem is equivalent to the solvability of the constructed system. We propose algorithms of the parametrization method for solving the analyzed  boundary-value problem and establish necessary and sufficient conditions for the well-posedness of this problem.

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Published
02.06.2024
How to Cite
AssanovaA. T., and UteshovaR. E. “Two-Point Boundary-Value Problems for Differential Equations With Generalized Piecewise-Constant Argument”. Ukrains’kyi Matematychnyi Zhurnal, Vol. 76, no. 5, June 2024, pp. 631 -46, doi:10.3842/umzh.v76i5.7384.
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Research articles