Asymptotic behavior of positive solutions of fourth-order nonlinear difference equations

  • P. Agarwal
  • J. V. Manojlović


We consider a class of fourth-order nonlinear difference equations of the form $$ \Delta^2(p_n(\Delta^2y_n)^{\alpha})+q_n y^{\beta}_{n+3}=0, \quad n\in {\mathbb N} $$ where $\alpha, \beta$ are the ratios of odd positive integers, and $\{p_n\}, \{q_n\}$ are positive real sequences defined for all $n\in {\mathbb N} $. We establish necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of nonoscillatory solutions with specific asymptotic behavior under suitable combinations of the convergence or divergence conditions of the sums $$ \sum\limits_{n=n_0}^{\infty}\frac n{p_n^{1/\alpha}}\quad \text{and}\quad \sum\limits_{n=n_0}^{\infty}\left(\frac n{p_n}\right)^{1/\alpha}.$$
How to Cite
Agarwal, P., and J. V. Manojlović. “Asymptotic Behavior of Positive Solutions of Fourth-Order Nonlinear Difference Equations”. Ukrains’kyi Matematychnyi Zhurnal, Vol. 60, no. 1, Jan. 2008, pp. 8–27,
Research articles